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Cell-Type-Specific Whole-Brain Direct Inputs to the Anterior
AAVs of tracing helper and RV were used for retrograde monosynaptic tracing. (From BrainVTA)
The viruses used from BrainVTA in this article are in the table below
Tracing Helper  PT-0062 AAV-EF1a-Dio-GFP-TVA
 PT-0023 AAV-EF1a-Dio-RVG
RV  R01002 RV-EnvA-DG- dsRed
Li Wang, Zhijian Zhang, Jiacheng Chen, Anne Manyande, Rafi Haddad, Qing Liu, Fuqiang Xu
Pub Date: 2020-02-07, DOI: 10.3389/fncir.2020.00004, Email: [email protected]
The piriform cortex (PC) is a key brain area involved in both processing and coding of olfactory information. It is implicated in various brain disorders, such as epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and autism. The PC consists of the anterior (APC) and posterior (PPC) parts, which are different anatomically and functionally. However, the direct input networks to specific neuronal populations within the APC and PPC remain poorly understood. Here, we mapped the whole-brain direct inputs to the two major neuronal populations, the excitatory glutamatergic principal neurons and inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic interneurons within the APC and PPC using the rabies virus (RV)-mediated retrograde trans-synaptic tracing system. We found that for both types of neurons, APC and PPC share some similarities in input networks, with dominant inputs originating from the olfactory region (OLF), followed by the cortical subplate (CTXsp), isocortex, cerebral nuclei (CNU), hippocampal formation (HPF) and interbrain (IB), whereas the midbrain (MB) and hindbrain (HB) were rarely labeled. However, APC and PPC also show distinct features in their input distribution patterns. For both types of neurons, the input proportion from the OLF to the APC was higher than that to the PPC; while the PPC received higher proportions of inputs from the HPF and CNU than the APC did. Overall, our results revealed the direct input networks of both excitatory and inhibitory neuronal populations of different PC subareas, providing a structural basis to analyze the diverse PC functions.

Figure 1. Experimental procedures for the cell-type-specific retrograde trans-synaptic tracing of different piriform cortex (PC) subareas.
This study is aimed to determine the whole-brain direct inputs to two main types of neurons in different PC subareas. In the present study, the authors mapped the direct inputs to glutamatergic principal neurons and GABAergic interneurons within the APC and PPC using the retrograde trans-synaptic tracing system. The results provide neural connectivity information for further revealing the functional diversities of the PC and its roles in brain diseases.
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